Download Treasure Planet Training Academy PC 2007
investigating a specific sport, like football, offers the chance to observe and understand the particularities of the activity. the authors considered this topic to be important and divided it into three main sections: 1) player’s characteristics, 2) sport demands, and 3) player response to football training and competition. physiological changes of football training and competition were also addressed. special emphasis was given to the notion of intense training, often included in the definition of high level football, which might be associated with metabolic and immunological responses. the authors considered that team chemistry, culture, and coaching were also important factors, helping the team to obtain better results and understanding how body composition is affected by football training. psychological factors such as motivation, character and competitive spirit were also emphasised to be part of the quality of the team. a team has to develop specific behaviours, which are required for the players to reach their training and competitive goals. great responsibility is carried out by the team doctors and managers, as well as by the coaching staff and administrative staff, contributing to the quality of the team members and the success of the group.
in total, 61% of professionals who took part in the consensus meeting stated they were satisfied with the role of nutritionists in football nutrition, expressing that nutritionists helped them (1) conduct good-quality training programmes, (2) achieve specific results or (3) prevent training and competition issues. moreover, their opinion was that nutritionists should be involved in both physiological and psychological aspects of the football player, providing them with adequate knowledge on the training aspects of nutrition and body composition. on the other hand, 19% of the nutritionists reported they were not satisfied with the role of nutritionists and indicated they were involved in (1) physiological needs of the player, (2) in the practical application of nutrition to the football players and (3) in the prevention of injuries in professional football.
get the ball in your court and negotiate in the spirit of fun, honesty and fairness. check out the research and find out which casinos are the best for canadians. this special introductory offer lets you play on these great games while they’re being refurbished. offers may vary.
energy, protein, carbohydrate and electrolyte intake are the main nutritional variables that can be manipulated in the players’ nutrition. three main variables can be manipulated: (1) macronutrients intake, (2) electrolytes intake and (3) energy expenditure. players’ nutritional programmes in the field should be planned taking into consideration training and matches in order to ensure adequate psychological and physical support. over-training should be avoided and adhering to a correct carbohydrate intake, in relation with training loads, is also a factor to be considered. furthermore, a specific consumption of micronutrients, such as sodium and micronutrients from functional foods, can lead to positive performance adaptations. while multivitamin supplementation can be recommended to avoid micronutrient deficiencies, some micronutrients should be present in the player’s diet, especially carotenoids that are synthesised naturally by the body, such as lutein and β-carotene.
given that energy intake is a key nutritional variable and the training load is one of the main factors in exercising, the energy level of the player’s diet should be increased to match training. athletes can be advised to “eat for performance”, including a lunch before training. this special meal should be well-balanced, moderately high in carbohydrates (around 65-70%) and should contain protein to muscle ratios higher than 1:1. compared to a snack before training, lunch can be a better option to have a longer duration during the day and can be present at the appropriate time before the start of the training. finally, athletes should avoid the consumption of salty and sugary foods, as the latter could hinder electrolyte absorption. another key aspect for adequate performance during the match is the intake of carbohydrates after training. despite the consumption of a meal after training, it is necessary that the training intensity is low- to medium-intensity, as high-intensity interval training can deplete glycogen stores. athletes can also be advised to consume a small snack (with carbohydrates and/or proteins) after training in order to meet their daily energy demands. finally, dietary supplementation of carbohydrates and amino acids is not recommended during the match, unless providing exogenous carbohydrate sources to a glycogen-depleted muscle. acute carbohydrate supplementation can induce an over-reaction in the brain, leading to excessive activity and increased carbohydrate use, which can affect performance. hyperthermia is also a side-effect of carbohydrate supplementation. a moderate recommendation for carbohydrate intake during the game is not necessary.